The temple is set on the top of the Tirumala Hills that consists of seven peaks called Sapthagiri at Associate in Nursing altitude of 3,200 feet. The seven peaks represent the seven hoods of Adishesha, the serpent on whom lies Lord Vishnu. The temple lies on the seventh peak -Venkatadri.
The temple of Lord Venkateswara was designed by the Tamil king Thondaimaan. The Pallavas of Kanchipuram (9th century), Cholas of Tanjore (10th century), Pandyas of Madurai and Vijayanagara Kings (14th centuries) often visited the temple and created giant contributions towards its development.
Especially, Sri Krishna Devaraya of Vijayanagara Empire contributed plenty to the temple. The statues of Sri Krishna Devaraya and his spouses substitute the premises of the temple.
The Tirumala shrine may be a masterpiece of Dravidian design. The main sanctum contains 2 m high standing idol of Venkateswara on a lotus in the midst of his consorts Bhudevi and Sridevi.
The foremost placing feature of the amazing black idol is its fabulous diamond crown, that is claimed to be the foremost precious single ornament within the world. The Sanctorum ‘Ananda Nilayam’ incorporates a glittering gold lined Vimana and gold covered gates.
Tirumala Seven Hills:-
Tirupati is that the sacred place and lakhs of Lord Venkateswara devotees visit on a daily basis. The seven hills or Adu kondalu is extremely auspicious. Yet we all know regarding the greatness of seven hills.
Tirumala hills area unit referred to as Adu kondalu or Sapta giris. Tirupati is ninety miles distant from the city. we will not describe its beauty in words. The Tirumala hills narrate their story. In step with Hindu Epics Varaha Sanskrit literature, Padma Sanskrit literature etc. The greatness of Tirumala describes as below.
Once the Lord asked Sage Narada for an acceptable place on Earth wherever He may abide throughout the troublesome amount of kaliyuga (The Iron Age, once folks of Earth would forget non-secular values) Sage Narada prompt an area, south of India (India), by the banks of stream Svarnamukhi. The Lord was happy. Since the Lord was close to deciding on Earth for the amount that Kalyuga was to last, a locality of Heaven was to be brought down. Thence Adhisesha determined to require the shape of 1 of the seven hills of Tirumala.
Do you know what is the theme of Tirumala?
- Vrushabhadri 2. Anjanaadi 3. Neeladri 4. Garudadri 5. Seshadri 6. Narayanadri 7 Venkatadri.
Seven wheels are joyful. wherever is that the happiness home? Brahma is replaced. that’s why he’s on prime of the hills. These seven hills are a mystery. The seven hills are scalograms. The seven hills are the Maharishis. The trees, mounds, and birds ar any of the idols. there’s nothing that’s born in Thirumala.
1.Vrushabhadri – means bull: There is a signal in the rigidity of the purse. Lord Shiva sits on the bull. It has 4 horns. 3 feet (past, future, and upcoming tenses)
The word means – noise
The sound is – Veda
Veda means – standard
Veda is the standard. The one who accepts the Vedas’s standard takes the first hill.
2.Anjanaadri – Hanuma is said to have taken birth here an so, Anjanaadri is the hill of Hanuma.
3.Neeladri – Neeladri is one of the seven hills and is named after a Gandharva princess, Neela Devi for her self-sacrifice.Neela Devi giver her hair to Sri Balaji after he injured on his scalp.
4.Garudadri –Located near the residence of Lord Vishnu, the Venkata hill Garuda means Eagle, Lord Vishnu’s vehicle, and Garudadri mean the “Hill of the Eagle”.
5.Seshadri –seshadri meaning the hill of snakes, looks like LordVishnu’s noble servant Adishesha on which the Lord rests in heaven.
6.Narayanadhri – one hill in the sapthagiri range is named asNarayanadhri as a respect to Narada Muni.
7.Venkatadri – Vem: Sadness, Kata: Removal. So sins will be lost. Everything is Brahma, so we know that Brahmma is like mad people. Rama Krishna Paramahamsa, this madman would come to me when. That is why the wise and the madman are the same.
It is to say that he is offering, taking such a position, stepping on Venkatadri.
Sri Venkateswara Brahmotsavam, a nine-day event, that is widely known once a year in the month of September/October, is that the major event within the temple. Throughout Brahmotsavams the processional immortal Malayappa at the side of his concerts, Sridevi and Bhudevi are taken during a procession in four Mada streets around the temple on totally different Vahanams.
Throughout Brahmotsavams, The temple can witness lakhs of devotees significantly on Garuda Seva. Vaikunta Ekadasi, Rathasapthami, Rama Navami, Janmashtami, Ugadi, Teppotsavam (Float Festival), Sri Padmavati Kalyanam, Pushpa yagam, Pushpa pallaki, Vasanthotsavam area unit the opposite major festivals celebrated with nice splendor.
Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam (TTD) runs Guest houses like Vishnu Nivasam, Srinivasan, Madhavaram Complex it is near to Tirupati bus station. Or you can book private hotels.
If you have a puja or Seva, then better to take Accommodation in Tirumala Ram Bagicha Guesthouse it is near to Balaji Temple.
Tirumala temple was closed during 2.00 am to 3.00 am. Thursday morning only Venkateswara swamy Nijarupa Darshan.
How to reach Tirumala from Tirupathi On Foot:-
- Many devotees climb the hills to Tirumala on foot to fulfill a vow.
- There area unit 2 well-laid stone footpaths resulting in Tirumala.
- These ways area unit is known as Sopanamargas. the foremost ancient of the 2 Sopanamargas starts from Alipiri at the foot of the hills.
- This pathway is eleven metric linear unit long and is that the usually used route. the opposite Sopanamarga (Srivari Mettu) starts from Chandragiri and is merely concerning half dozen metric linear unit long.
- TTD provides and maintains rest homes, security, canteen, toilets, drink, medical facilitate, piped pious music throughout the footpaths.
- TTD conjointly provides bags transfer facility, freed from the value for the devotees opting to climb the hills on foot to Tirumala.
How to reach Tirumala from Tirupathi By Road:-
- Tirumala has direct bus services from Tirupati with a frequency of a bus in every two minutes.
- It additionally has direct buses from Madras, Bengaluru, and Vellore.
- Paid taxis and personal bus operators additionally ply buses from near cities like Madras, Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam, and metropolis to Tirupati.
- Automobile Clinic – just in case of car breakdowns on the steps roads, TTD offers service through its automobile clinic levying sure charges on the case to case basis.
- The pilgrims will either report at Toll Gates of Alipiri or GNC in Tirumala or contact 0877-2263636 for immediate facilitate.
- A mechanic is sent in an exceedingly mobile van equipped with spares, to attend to the matter by TTD transport department.
- Buses and alternative transport area unit prohibited on steps road from Tirupati to Tirumala between 12 AM and 3 AM.
How to reach Tirumala from Tirupathi Railway Station:-
- From Tirupati railway station to Tirupathi Main bus station about 3Km.
- From Tirupathi to Tirumala 9 km you can reach by buses, Every 5 min bus are available to Tirumala in Tirupati Main Bus Station.
How to reach Tirumala from Tirupati Airport:-
- Tirupathi international airport to Tirumala distance: 40km
- Travel Time: 1 hour 15 mins
- bus route: Tirupathi international airport->Tirupathi Bus station-> Tirumala
There is an interesting and epigraphic testimony to the antiquity of the temple of Lord Sri Venkateswara. All the good dynasties of rulers of the southern land have paid respect to Lord Sri Venkateswara during this ancient shrine.
The Pallavas of Kancheepuram (9th century AD), the Cholas of Thanjavur (a century later), the Pandyas of Madurai, and therefore the kings and chieftains of Vijayanagar (14th – fifteenth century AD) were devotees of the Lord and that they competed with each other in endowing the temple with made offerings and contributions.
It was throughout the rule of the Vijayanagar dynasty that the contributions to the temple inflated. Krishnadevaraya had statues of himself and his consorts put in at the portals of the temple, and these statues are often seen to the current day. There’s conjointly a sculpture of Venkatapati Raya within the main temple.
when the decline of the Vijayanagar dynasty, nobles and chieftains from all elements of the country continuing to pay their respect and supply gifts to the temple. The Mahratta general, Raghoji Bhonsle, visited the temple and found out a permanent endowment for the conduct of worship within the temple. He conjointly conferred valuable jewels to the Lord, as well as an oversized emerald that continues to be preserved in a box named when the overall.
Among the later rulers, World Health Organization have invested with massive amounts area unit the rulers of Mysore and Gadwal. when the autumn of the Hindu kingdoms, the Muslim rulers of Karnataka and so the Britishers took over, and plenty of the temples came beneath their superordinate and protecting management. In 1843 AD, the East Indies Company divested itself of the direct management of non-Christian places of worship and native spiritual establishments.
The administration of the shrine of Sri Venkateswara and variety of estates were then entrusted to Sri Seva Dossji of the Hatiramji mongrel at Tirumala, and therefore the temple remained beneath the administration of the Mahants for nearly a century, until 1933 AD. In 1933, the Madras assembly passed a legislative act, that sceptered the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD) Committee to regulate and administer a set cluster of temples within the Tirumala-Tirupati space, through a Commissioner appointed by the govt of Madras.
Sri Venkatachala Mahatmya is said in many Puranas, of that the foremost necessary area unit the Varaha Sanskrit literature and therefore the Bhavishyottara Sanskrit literature.
The written work contains extracts from the Varaha Sanskrit literature, Padma Sanskrit literature, Garuda Sanskrit literature, Brahmanda Sanskrit literature, Markandeya Sanskrit literature, Harivamsa, Vamana Sanskrit literature, Brahma Sanskrit literature, Brahmottara Sanskrit literature, Aditya Sanskrit literature, Skanda Sanskrit literature and Bhavishyottara Sanskrit literature. Most of those extracts describe the holiness and antiquity of the hills around Tirumala and therefore the varied Theerthams set on them.